Neurological Conditions are no longer age-restricted. These can impact anyone ranging from infants to people in their palsy. Neurological conditions in infants can be triggered due to the majority of factors and may project a lifelong impact on their mental health and motor movements. Most of the time, neurological conditions can be so challenging that they may become life-threatening. According to the Best neurologist in Delhi, these disorders can be present either at the time of birth or shortly after birth. Hence, in this article, I am going to discuss some of the most common neurological conditions that are affecting newborn infants.
Types of Neurological Disorders in Infants:
Your newborn can be a victim of these below-mentioned neurological conditions.
1. Intracranial Haemorrhage: In case you are delivering a premature baby, he may suffer from an Intracranial Haemorrhage. This implies he may experience bleeding in several parts of the brain. This condition is so serious that it can either result in memory loss, speech problems or can be life-threatening as well. The newly born may also experience epilepsy, seizures or movement disabilities throughout his life.
2. Birth Asphyxia: A Neurologist in South Delhi thinks that birth Asphyxia is one of the most common conditions in newborns. In this condition, a baby may experience breathing difficulties during or directly after birth. The condition can be life-threatening if immediate medical attention is not granted. In some rare cases, less oxygen supply to the baby can cause permanent brain damage or other body organs.
3. Encephalopathy: Encephalopathy is another serious neurological condition that occurs in newborns, which severely affects their neurological development. This can be due to a lack of oxygen supply during or after birth. According to a recent survey conducted by a Neurology Clinic in Delhi, the condition can cause brain damage as well as damage to other internal organs. The condition can be triggered due to other factors like internal uterus infection in the mother’s womb, genetic or metabolic disorder, or intracranial haemorrhage.
4. Hypotonia: Hypotonia implies weak muscles or low muscle tone during birth, because of poor body development during pregnancy. The condition results in poor muscle control like weak or neck muscles, weakness in limbs, difficulty in swallowing or sucking. The condition may arise due to less oxygen supply during birth, cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury, nerve disorders etc. The condition may improve with time if timely treated.
5. Congenital Neurological disorders: These are a serious group of disorders or defects that may affect the neurological functioning of your baby during or after birth. These mostly occur due to the poor development of your baby’s brain or spinal cord. These can include some severe conditions like Anencephaly, Cerebral Palsy, Spina Bifida, Hydrocephalus etc. These disorders can be treated with medications and their symptoms may improve with time.
7. Metabolic disorders of the brain: Your baby can also be a victim of brain metabolic disorders at the time of birth. The condition can severely impact the mental health of your newborn and hence timely diagnosis becomes a necessity. The diagnosis may be challenging, but as the condition can be life-threatening, timely treatment is a must. These can result from a severe illness during pregnancy or childbirth
8. Seizures: According to a report published by a leading Neurologist in South Delhi, Seizures are no longer a condition, that is to be found only in adults. The condition is as common in infants as in adults too. Although, the severity and type of seizures found in newborns are different than those found in adults. Some of the common symptoms may include arm or leg stiffness, changes in heartbeat or facial expressions etc.